感知是在一个人的环境中积极评估信息的过程。这包括对周围环境的独特感知，并利用他们的感官刺激来解释这一点。当使用刺激时，人们只接收到选定的感觉，也就是说，他们只选择他们所接收到的部分信息。其次，人们将这些挑选出来的问题组织成一个熟悉的模式，以便“识别”他们感觉到的东西。最后，人们解释这些被识别出的模式是为了理解他们所感知到的东西。这可以帮助人们在困难的情况下，因为他们有过去的经验，知道如何处理他们的环境。作为人际交往的一部分，归因理论可以解释人们为什么以及如何看待他人。归因理论是社会心理学中最常用来解释为什么人们很难沟通的理论。虽然你可以通过语言和非语言信息与他人交流，但内部交流可能会产生误解。这些错误的观念会导致对人们为什么做他们所做的事情做出假设。澳大利亚心理学家弗里茨·海德(Fritz Heider)发表了《人际关系心理学》(The Psychology of Interpersonal Relations)一书，进一步拓展了他的归因理论。归因理论是一种解释人们如何看待他人的心理现象。归因理论的目的是解释个人如何解释事件，以及这与他们未来的思维和行为之间的关系。归因理论的假设是决定人们如何以及为什么做他们做的事情。当一个人试图理解为什么另一个人会以某种方式行事时，这可能会将一个或多个原因归因于那个行为。海德认为，归因理论主要有两种观点。第一个观点是性格归因(内在归因)，它指的是将某种行为或行为的原因归于内在特征，而不是外力的倾向。导致某种行为的原因可能是性格改变、能力或感觉。然而，情境归因(外部归因)是指将某一行为的原因归咎于外部力量而非国际特征的倾向。导致某种行为的原因可能是由意外的天气变化或环境变化引起的。
Perception is the process of actively assessing information in a person’s surroundings. This involves becoming uniquely aware of their surroundings and interpreting this using their sensory stimuli. When using stimulation, people are only receiving select sensory ques, meaning, they only select some of the information they receive. Secondly, people organize these selected ques into a familiar pattern in order to “recognize” what they are sensing. Finally, people interpret these recognized patterns in order to understand what they are sensing. This can help people in difficult situations, since they have the past experience and know how to handle their surroundings.As part of interpersonal communication, Attribution Theory can explain why and how people perceive others. Attribution Theory is most commonly used in social psychology for explaining why people have a difficult time communicating. While you can communicate with others through verbal and non-verbal messages, internal communication can allow misconceptions. These misconceptions can lead to making assumptions as to why people do the things they do.Fritz Heider, an Australian psychologist, published The Psychology of Interpersonal Relations, which expanded on his creation of Attribution Theory. Attribution Theory is a psychological phenomenon for explaining how people perceive others. The goal of Attribution Theory is to explain how individuals interpret events and how this relates to their future thinking and behavior. The assumption of Attribution Theory is to determine how and why people do the things they do. When a person seeks to understand why another person is acting a certain way, this may attribute one or more causes to that behavior. According to Heider, there are two main ideas of Attribution Theory. The first idea being dispositional attribution (internal attribution), which refers to the tendency of assigning the cause of a certain behavior or action to an internal characteristic, rather than outside forces. This cause of a certain behavior could be personality changes, abilities, or feelings. However, situational attribution (external attribution), is the tendency of blaming the cause of a certain behavior to outside forces instead of international characteristics. This cause of a certain behavior could be caused by unexpected weather changes or situational changes.