Reviewing the statistics that describe some of the general characteristics of the actual members of the prison population the HCHAC (2004) find some dispiriting figures. Social exclusion has been experienced by a high percentage of the prison population. Unemployment affects two-thirds, 55% and 71% of male and female prisoners respectively have no educational qualifications and numeracy and literacy skills do not reach the national standards required for 11-year-olds in the majority of prisoners. All of the major areas of life are affected: many experience problems with loss of families, homes and jobs as a result of going into prison.An overall indicator of the possible levels of rehabilitation being carried out in prisons is provided by the levels of 'purposeful activity'; this includes offender rehabilitation programmes, sport and education. The Prison Service has a goal that each prisoner should take part in 24 hours of purposeful activity in each week. According to Solomon (2004), the Prison Service has consistently failed to reach this figure over the last nine years, and has finally abandoned this as a specific, key goal. While they only just failed to meet these targets, there is evidence provided by a study carried out by HCHAC (2004) that these reports may be far from the truth. Surveying 299 prisoners in a range of prisons their survey found that 60% of prisoners had not spent any time at all participating in any kind of treatment programmes.